Parchment is any animal skin (usually calf, sheep or goat) prepared in an alkali solution and dried under tension. Parchment was the primary writing support across the ancient world (besides papyrus), for books, scrolls and bindings. It has been in constant use for over two millennia.
Paper offers an excellent surface for writing, drawing, painting and printing. It is usually made from a pulp of plant fibres or processed textiles. Invented in China during the Han dynasty (206 BC–220 AD), by the 8th century the new technology arrived in the Middle East. Although introduced to Europe in the mid-10th century, paper was not widely used until the advent of printing in the mid-15th century.
Qur’an, copied by Ibn al-Bawwab
Abbasid Baghdad (Iraq)
1000-1001 (391 AH)
CBL Is 1431